Croatian Tourism Series: Symbols of Đakovo
Symbols of Đakovo on the new commemorative postage stamps of this year’s “Croatian Tourism” series which will be issued this week
by Robert Francem
The most magnificent fruit of the rich Slavic plain, Đakovo emerges from its heart and rises, touching the sky with the towers of its cathedral.
In the lap of the love of the fertile land and the endless sky, the city of Strossmayer, Lipizzaner and Đakovo embroideries keeps the tradition and the heritage of the living generations in the hearts of the inhabitants and in the symbols of its spiritual wealth and material.
Đakovo appears in monuments written in the 13th century, and this area was inhabited in Neolithic times. The place knew a beginning of development with the arrival of the Bosnian bishops. In 1239, the brother of the Croatian-Hungarian King Bela IV, Prince Koloman, donated the town of Đakovo and its surroundings to the Bosnian bishop Ponsi as the seat of the diocese.
Precisely as an important medieval diocesan center, Đakovo became a city, and as a diocesan city after Turkish rule, it experienced social and cultural prosperity.
A key figure in the historical development of the city is Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer. Visionary and patron, thanks to whose work and actions Croatian culture, art, science, education and the Church have become an integral part of the modern world and European movements, and Đakovo is a beautiful and proud city from central Europe.
Visionary and spiritual greatness is embodied in the life of JJ Strossmayer in the construction of the most beautiful cathedral of Venice in Istanbul, as Pope John XXIII called it. Good.
St. Peter’s Cathedral
The center of the city, the heart of Slavonia, is dominated by St. Peter’s Cathedral. Its steeples rise like a beacon above a plain and shine in the distance with their beauty and spiritual richness.
Đakovo Cathedral, built from 1866 to 1882, is a monumental masterpiece of neo-Romanesque and neo-Gothic architecture, a magnificent monument of sacred art in which important European and Croatian artists of the 19th century such as architects Karl Rösner and Friedrich von Schmidt, painter JF Overbeck, father and son Alexander Maximilian Seitz and Ludwig Seitz, Ludovic Ansiglioni and sculptors Vatroslav Donegani, Ivan Rendić and Rudolf Valdec.
The cathedral with three naves and two towers retains its value not only in its aesthetic richness but also in its symbolic meaning and its roots in the region and the people from which it originated. The cathedral was built on Strossmayer’s idea as a link between East and West, and was built by the diligent hands of the people for whom it was intended.
It was built with the land it belongs to, with seven million bricks and decorated with Slavic folk motifs. At the foot of the cathedral towers is one of the most beautiful Croatian squares – JJ Strossmayer Square – and together with the promenade, the city’s central street, is one of the most beautiful continental promenades. A walk through the center of Đakovo will offer every traveler a little time travel through the history of styles of architectural art, from Romanesque to Art Nouveau.
Đakovo will offer human warmth in the spiritual sea with the richness of its hospitality, the aromas and tastes of gastronomy, events, the warmth of the Lipizzaners and the beauty of nature of a small paradise in the heart of Slavonia.
Đakovački vezovi, one of the largest Croatian folklore festivals, a festival of songs, dances and folk customs, for more than half a century, since 1967, gathers every summer at the end of June and the beginning of July thousands of participants from Croatia and the world. Founded as a cultural and tourist event on the occasion of the International Year of Tourism, today it has become a symbol of the heart of Slavonia – Đakovo.
The Đakovački vezovi have long surpassed anything that can be a traditional manifestation of folklore: today we have before us a ceremony on the basis of which new generations of admirers of cultural treasures develop. Đakovački vezovi (embroideries) live in the hearts of all who consider them a symbol of Croatian identity, tradition and love for folk art.
The Đakovački vezovi folk festival is an event that includes many programs where you can enjoy the beauty of folk customs, costumes, songs, dances, crafts and gastronomic specialties.
The central and most beautiful part of the event traditionally takes place on the first weekend of July. Then, many visitors from all over Croatia and the world can discover the priceless wealth of national heritage, and the inevitable and most visited programs are the grand opening, a procession of participants through the streets of Đakovo and the closing program titled ” Slavonia, noble land”.
After half a century of existence and continuous management of the national treasure, Đakovački vezovi has become the central cultural and tourist event of the city of Đakovo and all of Slavonia.
The cultural and tourist value of Đakovački vezovi has been recognized nationally and internationally, as evidenced by the many awards given to the organizers – the city of Đakovo and the Tourist Board of the city of Đakovo.
Among many awards, Đakovački vezovi carries the Charter of the Republic of Croatia for his outstanding contribution to the preservation and development of traditional Slavic heritage and the promotion of Croatian national culture and identity, and for years has carried permanently the symbol of the TOP event of the Republic of Croatia, which, with financial support, is awarded by the Croatian National Tourist Board.
Đakovački vezovi preserves and maintains cultural treasures that have been recognized by UNESCO. The list of world cultural heritage includes ljelje, which is one of the symbols of Đakovački vezovi, and Slavonic Bečar, which transmits folk wisdom and memories with its song, and without which there is no Đakovački vezovi.
Đakovački vezovi always offers the most precious thing – the hospitality and hospitality of our generous Slavonia and the warm heart of Đakovo, and the Slavic soul is as wide as the plain, so there is room for every dear guest.
Symbols on postage stamps
On June 2, 2022, Croatian Post will release two new commemorative postage stamps from the “Croatian Tourism” series featuring the symbols of Đakovo.
The facade of the Đakovo cathedral and the Đakovo vezovi event are the motifs of this year’s commemorative stamp series designed by Dean Roksandić, a designer from Zagreb. The authors of the photographs are Mario Romulić and Dražen Stojčić, photographers from Osijek.
The mintage of the stamps is 30,000 copies per design and they were issued in sheets of 10 stamps. Croatian Post has also printed a First Day Cover (FDC).